# Bucket Sorting

In spite of the Java based annoyances I mentioned last time, I decided to go ahead and do Radix sort with my AP students. I usually don't cover it in AP Computer Science, but I like getting the kids to think about using arrays as buckets as it's a new way of thinking for them and it does give a non-trivial application that combines ararys and ArrayLists.

It's a nice little algorithm. You start with an Array of integers:

Then, place them in buckets based on the least significant digit:

We then copy the numbers from the buckets back into the original array, keeping the order of the buckets (0->9).

We then repeat this process on the 2nd least significant digit:

And so on until we're done:

It's a nice algorithm to teach on a number of fronts.

First, we get to combine Arrays and ArrayLists. Since we'll always have 10 digits, the "bucket list" is of fixed size, while the individual bucket lengths vary. This leads to the Array of ArrayLists and we've got a single platform to compare and contrast the two. Which is better when and why?

The algorithm itself is also worth talking about.

• It's relatively simple - we did it by hand before implementing it.
• It's got some history worth discussing.
• There are a number of other questions we can approach
• How can we deal with negatives?
• Will it always work (what about floating point numbers).

Finally, we can talk about speed -- they're testing that now and we'll discuss our Radix sort vs the built in Arrays.sort() on Monday.

We'll do the n^2 and nLog(n) sorts a little later, but I think this was a detour well worth taking.